Savitri Era of those who adore, Om Sri Aurobindo and The Mother.

Wednesday, September 26, 2007

Bepin Chandra Pal paid great tribute to Sri Aurobindo's fiery nationalism in 1909

The Congress Party and the UPA Government have been hectically busy trying to market the carcass of Mahatma Gandhi through what they call 'the celebration of the centenary of Satyagraha' launched by Mahatma Gandhi in South Africa in 1906. The Congress party has moved away from truth in 1906 to blatant untruth in 2007. The descent from Mahatma Gandhi in 1906 to Sonia Gandhi in 2007 has been cataclysmic and catastrophic. To quote the intellectually, emotionally and rationally rapier-thrust words of N. Mohan in this context: 'Can a Hindu woman married to an Alitalia Pilot become the Prime Minister of Italy? No. Such things can happen only in our country. What has Sonia got to do with Mahatma Gandhi except for her being married to a person in the Indira Gandhi family? Mahatma Gandhi stood for truth, honesty and simplicity. Both Sonia and the Congress party have nothing to do with these golden qualities'.
What is a nation? What is true nationalism? What is our mother country? Like all great mysteries, our Hindu nationalism is also a great mystery and is a matter of faith. By any attempt at explanation, in order to make such mysteries matters of reason, we would only be injuring the soul and spirit of our nationalism. If such mysteries could be explained, they would cease to be mysteries. As all our great Hindu saints and sages through the ages have declared that a thing is not necessarily against reason because it happens to be above it. In dwelling on such divine mysteries, these great saints have always declared as follows: 'In dwelling on divine mysteries, keep thy heart humble, thy thoughts reverent, thy soul holy. Let not philosophy be ashamed to be confuted, nor logic to be confounded, nor reason to be surpassed. What thou canst not prove, approve; what thou canst not comprehend, believe; what thou canst believe, admire and love and obey. So shall thine ignorance be satisfied in their faith, and thy doubt be swallowed up in thy reverence, and thy faith be as influential as sight. Put out thine own candle, and then shall thou see clearly the sum of righteousness.'
It is in this context that the clarion call of Aurobindo Gosh on what is true nationalism becomes totally relevant. He declared all the time that our nation is not a piece of earth or a figure of speech, nor a fiction of the mind. It is a mighty Shakthi, composed of the Shakthis of all the millions of units that make up the nation, just as Bhavani Mahisha Mardhini sprang into being from the Shakthi of all the millions of Gods assembled in one mass force and welded into unity. That Shakthi we call India, 'Bhavani Bharathi', is the living unity of the Shakthis of over 1006 million people today. But this vibrant Bharat Mata has been reduced to the state of a corpse by the pernicious and malicious policies of minority appeasement followed by the Congress Party after independence.
Through the discriminatory and partisan policies pursued with total devotion to and focus on minority vote bank, the Congress party has been trying to divide the Indian society through false concepts. The first concept is that the Hindus being the largest community, are potentially more dangerous for the other communities. Secondly, since this community poses a potential threat to other communities, the more it could be weakened, the better it would be for the health of the nation. Thirdly, the good in other communities is the only relevant thing from the point of view of the total national good and that everything else is of no significance or importance. According to this concept, Hindus as a whole are non-entities and dead entities.
Based on these concepts, all the Congress Governments after independence have been declaring from time to time through their partisan programmes: 'Make the Hindu community as weak as we can, by creating internal divisions in it, by denigrating its culture, by inflicting insults on it, and by whatever other means you can afford'. I do not have to enumerate the various efforts that have been made during the last sixty years starting from the days of juvenile Jawaharlal Nehru to weaken us Hindus in pursuance of this theory.
Based on the above concepts, a new idea called - 'Sarva Dharma Samabhava' was propagated. It ridiculously suggested that since our 'nation' was constituted by the assemblage of several religious communities, we should regard the ideology or religion of every community as India's national heritage and hold them all with equal respect. That is, we should yield the same place to the Koran and the Bible in our thinking as we do for the 'Bhagavat Gita'. We should have the same reverence for Sri Rama, Sri Krishna and Bhagavan Buddha. We should accept Mohammed and Jesus also as part of our national pantheon and conduct ourselves accordingly. The idea of regarding alien cultures also as our own gained political currency through the convenient slogan of 'Sarva Dharma-Samabhava'. Since the distinctiveness of the largest community was 'Sanatana Dharma', it was necessary- we were made to believe, for the good of other communities to run down the 'Sanatana Dharma' as well. As far as possible, therefore, condemn the whole of Hindu culture - Hinduism is nothing more than a bundle of superstitions and castes and idolatries. Thus, a strong cult of denigrating the Sanatana Dharma was promoted, directly or indirectly by these and many other similar calumnies by the Congress party.
Aurobindo Gosh convincingly, categorically and clearly declared that Indian nationalism can be raised only on the foundation of Hinduism and Sanatana Dharma. That was the view of Swami Vivekananda, Bipin Chandra Pal, Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya, Shyama Prasad Mukherjee, Dr Hedgewar, and Sri Guruji Golwalkar. To quote the words of Aurobindo Gosh in this context: 'This great and ancient nation was once the fountain of human life, the apex of human civilization, the exemplar of courage and humanity, the perfection of good Government and settled society, the mother of all religions, the teacher of all wisdom and philosophy. It has suffered much at the hands of inferior civilizations and more savage peoples. It has gone down into the shadow of night and tasted often of the bitterness of death. Its pride has been trampled into the dust and its glory has departed. Hunger and misery and despair have become the masters of this fair soil, these noble hills, these ancient rivers, these cities whose life story goes back into prehistoric night. But do you think that therefore God has utterly abandoned us and given us up for ever to the mere convenience for the West, the helots of commerce, and the feeders of its luxury and pride?'
No wonder, Bepin Chandra Pal (1858-1932), paid this great tribute to Aurobindo's fiery Hindu nationalism in 1909 in these inspiring words: 'The youngest in age among those who stand in the forefront of the Nationalist propaganda in India, but in endowment, education, and character, perhaps, superior to them all'. Aravinda seems distinctly marked out by Providence to play in the future of his movement a part not given to any of his colleagues and contemporaries. The other leaders of the movement have left their life behind them: Aravinda has his before him. Nationalism is their last love: it is Aravinda's first passion'.
The sham conference on 'Satyagraha' recently organized by the Congress Party with the full official backing of the UPA Government in New Delhi made me ask the question whether Satyagraha or non-violence purifies the man who practices it. When I was finding it difficult to get a clear and convincing answer, I was delighted to see the following reply given by Aurobindo Gosh to one of his devotees on 23 July, 1923: 'I believe Gandhi does not know what actually happens to the man's nature when he takes to Satyagraha or non-violence. He thinks that men get purified by it. ... When you cannot oppose the force that oppresses, you say that you will suffer. That suffering is vital and it gives strength. When the man who has thus suffered gets power, he becomes a worse oppressor. What is necessary is to transform the spirit of violence. But in this practice of Satyagraha it is not transformed. When you insist on such one-sided principle, what happens is that cant hypocrisy and dishonesty get in and there is no purification at all.'
The nationalism being promoted by the Congress Party is, to say the least, subversive. The Congress Party has become a shining and unbridled global symbol of cant, hypocrisy and dishonesty. And hence for Congress and Congressmen, 'Satyagraha' means only 'aSATYAGRAHA'.
(The writer is a retired IAS officer) e-mail the writer at GO TOP / HOME / OTHER SPECIAL STORIES

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