Sri Aurobindo's influence Wikipedia
Sri Aurobindo lived at a key moment in the history of thought when Marxist materialism, Nietzschean individualism and Freudian vitalism were popular and fashionable. Phenomenology and existentialism developed alongside him. On the whole, along with modern science and Theosophy, these new philosophical formulations fermented among the elite. In a way, the disparate positions arrived at in Western thought find their synthesis in Sri Aurobindo's philosophy. By aligning them with the ancient Indian wisdom, he comes up with an integral vision that breathes universality as well as contemporaneity. S. K. Maitra, Anilbaran Roy, and Haridas Chaudhuri were among the first academicians or intellectuals, to discern the import of Sri Aurobindo's integral philosophy. Later, D. P. Chattopadhyaya wrote a seminal treatise juxtaposing Sri Aurobindo and Marx to examine their utopian prophecies. Thus, say the scholars, Kant's sublime, Hegel's absolute, Schopenhauer's will, Kierkegaard's passion, Marx's matter, Darwin's evolution, Nietzsche's overman, Bergson's élan vital, all find their due representation in Sri Aurobindo's grand exposition. His thought, in this view, successfully overarches cultural as well as religious chasms. Sri Aurobindo's ideas about the further evolution of human capabilities influenced the thinking of Michael Murphy – and indirectly, the human potential movement, through Murphy's writings. The American philosopher Ken Wilber, has been strongly influenced by Sri Aurobindo's thought, but has integrated some of its key ideas with other spiritual traditions and modern intellectual trends; Wilber's interpretation has been strongly criticised by Rod Hemsell. New Age writer Andrew Harvey also looks to Sri Aurobindo as a major inspiration. Cultural historian William Irwin Thompson is also heavily influenced by Sri Aurobindo and the Mother. In India, Sri Aurobindo is widely considered to be one of the great rishis (spiritual seers) of modern times. Each year, tens of thousands of people come from all over India and abroad to pass through Sri Aurobindo's room in Pondicherry on August 15th in honour of his birthday and to receive his spiritual blessings. The Sri Aurobindo Ashram, the spiritual community that grew up around him and was organized and directed by the Mother, continues to operate with approximately 1200 members and a similar number of nonmembers who live nearby and are associated with the Ashram's activities. The experimental international city of Auroville, founded by the Mother and based on Sri Aurobindo's ideals, is located about 10 kms. from the Ashram; it has approximately 1800 members from around the world, and an international base of support groups called Auroville International.