Savitri Era of those who adore, Om Sri Aurobindo and The Mother.

Tuesday, March 02, 2010

Anushilan, Jugantar, RSS & RSP

Dr. Keshav Baliram Hedgewar, Keshava Baliram Hedgewar (April 1, 1889 – June 21, 1940)
Rabindranath Tagore (7 May 18617 August 1941)
Subhas Chandra Bose (born January 23, 1897August 18, 1945?)
Madan Mohan Malaviya Madan Mohan Malaviya (1861–1946)
Mahatma Gandhi (Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi) (2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948)
B. S. Moonje (12 December 1872 -  March 4, 1948)
Muhammad Ali Jinnah (December 25, 1876 – September 11, 1948)
Tej Bahadur Sapru (8 December 1875– 20 January 1949
Sarojini Naidu (Sarojini Chattopadhyaya) (February 13, 1879 – March 2, 1949)
Sri Aurobindo (Aurobindo Ghose) (August 15, 1872 – December 5, 1950)
Vallabhbhai Patel (31 October 187515 December 1950)
Syama Prasad Mookerjee (July 6, 1901 - June 23, 1953)
Manabendra Nath Roy (1887–1954) born Narendra Nath Bhattacharya and popularly known as M. N. Roy
Acharya Narendra Deva (31st October 1889 - 19th Feb., 1956
G. V. Mavalankar (Ganesh Vasudev Mavalankar) (November 27, 1888–27 February 1956)
Dr. B. R. Ambedkar (Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar) (14 April 189106 December 1956),
R. D. Ranade (3 July 1886  - 6 June 1957)  
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Maulana (Abul Kalam Muhiyuddin Ahmed) (11 November 1888–22 February 1958) 
Bhagwan Das (January 12, 1869 - September 18, 1958)
Pattabhi Sitaramayya (Dr Bhogaraju Pattabhi Sitaramayya) (November 24, 1880–December 17, 1959)
Govind Ballabh Pant (August 30, 1887 - March 7, 1961) 
Purushottam Das Tandon (August 1, 1882 – July 1, 1962)
Dr. Rajendra Prasad (December 3, 1884 – February 28, 1963)
Dr. Rahul Sankrityayan (April 9, 1893 - April 14, 1963) 
Jawaharlal Nehru (14 November 1889–27 May 1964)
Lal Bahadur Shastri (02 Oct 1904 - 11 Jan 1966)
Vinayak Damodar Savarkar (May 28, 1883 – February 26, 1966)
Ram Manohar Lohia (March 23, 1910 - October 12, 1967)
Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyaya (September 25, 1916 - February 11, 1968)
C.N. Annadurai (Conjeevaram Natarajan Annadurai)  (15 September 19093 February 1969),
K.M. Munshi (Kanhaiyalal Maneklal Munshi) (December 30, 1887 - February 8, 1971) 
Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari (Rajaji) (10 December 1878 - 25 December 1972)
The Mother Mirra Richard (b. Alfassa, later Morisset) (February 21, 1878 - November 17, 1973)
Periyar E.V. Ramasamy (Periyar Erode Venkata Ramasamy)  (September 17, 1879 – December 24, 1973)
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (05 Sep 1888 - 17 Apr 1975)
Hridayanath Kunzru (Pandit Dr. Hridya Nath Kunzru) (1887 – April 3, 1978
Jayaprakash Narayan (October 11, 1902 - October 8, 1979)
Piloo Mody (1926-1980)
Acharya J.B. Kriplani (Jivatram Bhagwandas Kripalani) (11th November, 1888–March 19, 1982) 
Vinoba Bhave (Vinayak Narahari Bhave) (September 11, 1895 - November 15, 1982)
Nabakrushna Choudhuri (23 November 1901 - 24 June, 1984)
Babu Jagjivan Ram (5 April 1908 - 6 July 1986),
Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay (April 3, 1903 – October 29, 1988)
Hemvati Nandan Bahuguna (April 25, 1919 – March 17, 1989)
Achyut Patwardhan (Patwardhan, Achyut Sitaram) (5 February 1905 - 5 August, 1992)
Aruna Asaf Ali  (July 16, 1909, KalkaHaryana—July 29, 1996)
Minoo Masani (Minocheher Rustom Masani) (20 November 1905 - 27 May 1998)
Kishen Patnaik (1930 - September 27, 2004)
Kanshi Ram (March 15, 1934 – October 9, 2006)
V. P. Singh (Vishwanath Pratap Singh) (25 June 1931 - 27 November 2008)
Nanaji Deshmukh (Ambadas Amritrao Deshmukh) (October 11, 1916 – February 27, 2010)

Dr. B. S. Moonje, Dr. Hedgewar and RSS From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Moonje played a lead role in founding the Hindu nationalist organisation Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) as the mentor of Dr K. B. Hedgewar (born in 1889). Some contemporary people say that starting RSS was Dr Moonje's brain child and he got it executed through Dr Hedgewar (information taken from Dr Moonje's Biography, Introduction of the Publisher Mr Shankar Date of Kaal Prakashan, Poona, second volume written by Shrimati Veenatai Balshastri Hardas, Preface by Late Shri Balasaheb Deoras {then Chief of RSS, year 1981}). The First volume was written in 1966 by Late Mr. Balshastri Hardas preface by Late Mr. M. S. Golwalkar Guruji ( then Chief of RSS).
As Dr. Hedgewar's parents died in his childhood, he used to stay with Dr Moonje's residence at Nagpur. They had a very close Father-Son like relationship. Dr. Moonje financially helped Dr. Hedgewar in completing his School as well as Medical Education at Calcutta. Also employed him in Ideal Insurance company (Nagpur) as a Medical Officer to give him financial support and stability.

Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
RSS was founded in 1925 by Dr. Keshav Baliram Hedgewar, who was a doctor in the central Indian city of Nagpur. Hedgewar as a medical student in Kolkata had been a part of the revolutionary activities of the Anushilan Samiti and Jugantar striving to free India from British rule. He had been charged with sedition in 1921 by the British Administration and was imprisoned for a year. After returning to Nagpur, he was briefly a member of Indian National Congress before he left it in 1925, to form the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. [Terrifying Vision: M. S. Golwalkar, the Rss, and India Jyotirmaya Sharma (Hardcover - Jan 2007)]

Communist Party of India From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The CPI began efforts to build a party organisation inside India. Roy made contacts with Anushilan andJugantar groups in Bengal… The date maintained as the foundation day by CPI is 26 December 1925

Revolutionary Socialist Party From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
During the summer of 1938 a meeting took place between Jayaprakash Narayan (leader of CSP), Jogesh Chandra ChatterjiTribid Kumar Chaudhuri and Keshav Prasad Sharma. The Anushilan marxists then discussed the issue with Acharya Narendra Deva, a founder of CSP and former Anushilan militant. The Anushilan marxists decided to join CSP, but keeping a separate identity within the party…
The Anushilan marxists were soon to be disappointed by developments inside the CSP. The party, at that the time Anushilan marxists had joined it, was not a homogenous entity. There was the Marxist trend led by J.P. Narayan and Narendra Deva, the Fabian socialist trend led by Minoo Masani and Asoka Mehta and a Gandhian socialist trend led by Ram Manohar Lohia and Achyut Patwardan. To the Anushilan marxists differences emerged between the ideological stands of the party and its politics in practice. These differences surfaced at the 1939 annual session of the Indian National Congress at Tripuri. Ahead of the session there were fierce political differences between the leftwing Congress president, Subhas Chandra Bose, and the section led by Gandhi. 

Congress Socialist Party From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
During the summer of 1938 a meeting took place between the Marxist sector of the Anushilan movement and the CSP. Present in the meeting were Jayaprakash Narayan (leader of CSP), Jogesh Chandra ChatterjiTribid Kumar Chaudhuri and Keshav Prasad Sharma. The Anushilan marxists then held talks with Acharya Narendra Deva, a former Anushilan militant. The Anushilan marxists decided to join CSP, but keeping a separate identity within the party.[6] With them came the Anushilan Samiti, not only the Marxist sector. The non-Marxists (who constituted about a half of the membership of the Samiti), although not ideologically attracted to the CSP, felt loyalty towards the Marxist sector. Moreover, around 25% of the membership of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association joined the CSP. This group was led by Jogesh Chandra Chatterji. The Anushilan marxists were however soon to be disappointed by developments inside the CSP. The party, at that the time Anushilan marxists had joined it, was not a homogeneous entity. There was the Marxist trend led by J.P. Narayan and Narendra Deva, the Fabian socialist trend led by Minoo Masani and Asoka Mehta and a Gandhian socialist trend led by Ram Manohar Lohia and Achyut Patwardan. To the Anushilan marxists differences emerged between the ideological stands of the party and its politics in practice. These differences surfaced at the 1939 annual session of the Indian National Congress at Tripuri. At Tripuri, in the eyes of the Abnushlian marxists, the CSP had failed to consistently defend Subhas Chandra BoseJogesh Chandra Chatterji renounced his CSP membership in protest against the action by the party leadership… The Anushlian marxists left the CSP soon thereafter, forming the Revolutionary Socialist Party
Members of the CSP were particularly active in the Quit India movement of August 1942. Although a socialist, Jawaharlal Nehru did not join the CSP, which created some rancour among CSP members who saw Nehru as unwilling to put his socialist slogans into action. After independence, the CSP broke away from Congress, under the influence of JP Narayan and Basawon Singh (Sinha), to form the Socialist Party of IndiaBasawon Singh (Sinha) went on to become the first leader of opposition in the state of Bihar (and assembly as well) and Acharya Narendra Deva became the first leader of opposition in U.P. state and assembly. 7:41 AM

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