The spiritual gift of India to the world has already begun. India's spirituality is entering Europe and America in an ever increasing measure. That movement will grow; amid the disasters of the time more and more eyes are turning towards her with hope and there is even an increasing resort not only to her teachings, but to her psychic and spiritual practice. -- Sri Aurobindo (from the message broadcast on the eve of August 15, 1947)

Savitri Era of those who adore, Om Sri Aurobindo and The Mother.


Thursday, July 02, 2015

Maritain's Human Rights and Sri Aurobindo's Human Unity

Fukuyama: Democracy is not going to survive if people do not want democracy 1. The Final Form of Human Government
Progressives, including President Obama, often speak as if history is moving inexorably toward its utopian end. But the real world is more complicated than that. Political scientist Francis Fukuyama joins Charles Kesler to discuss the future of global democracy and all that has (and hasn't) changed since Fukuyama wrote "The End of History?".

Roots and routes of rights posted by John Witte, Jr. Over the past four decades, a cottage industry of important new scholarship has emerged. This work is dedicated to the history of rights discourse in the Western tradition prior to the Enlightenment: [...] We now know, in brief, that the West knew ample “liberty before liberalism” and had many human rights laws in place before there were modern democratic revolutions fought in their name.

This new historiography has unsettled the conventional historical view that human rights were the products of the post-Christian Western Enlightenment—creations of John Locke and Thomas Hobbes, Baron Montesquieu and Adam Smith, Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, and many others. Human rights, our schoolbooks long taught us, were the mighty new weapons forged by American and French revolutionaries who fought against outmoded Christian conceptions of absolute monarchy, aristocratic privilege, and religious establishment, in the name of political democracy, personal autonomy, and religious freedom . That rights were the keys that Western liberals finally forged to unchain themselves from the shackles of a millennium of Christian oppression of society and church domination of the state was a convenient story a generation or two ago, but it is now clear that the Enlightenment was not so much a wellspring of Western rights as a watershed in a long stream of human rights theory and law that had already drawn in classical and biblical sources, Roman and civil law, medieval philosophy and canon law, early modern Catholic and Protestant law and theology, and more. It is a telling anecdote that, by 1650, every right that would appear in the United States Bill of Rights had already been defined, defended, and died for by various Protestants and Catholics of their day.

Samuel Moyn has further unsettled the conventional view in a series of bold new writings. He focuses on the rise of international human rights norms in the middle of the last century and the “breakthrough” of a global rights movement after the 1970s. Moyn argues that the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and subsequent international instruments, built on the fundamental concept of human dignity, are the real sources of human rights that now pervade international law and culture. The prior two millennia of rights theories and laws constitute only a “fragmentary” and “ancient history,” he writes in the introduction for this forum, almost “entirely distracting” for modern human rights discussions.

Moreover, Moyn argues, the international human rights movement was not initially a leftist secular rebuke of a Christian faith that had so miserably failed to check the outrages of Hitler, Stalin, and Mussolini. It was, rather, a conservative Christian rebuke of the liberal individualism and libertinism that left so many rulers and citizens without moral constraint or legal responsibility for their neighbors. [...] I do not know the modern literature nearly so well as Moyn does, but allow me a few tentative thoughts in response to his learned and provocative thesis.

First, it’s not clear to me why he says that the history of human rights starts in the mid-twentieth century, or why the events of 1930-1970 are ultimately more crucial today than the revolutionary eras of 1776-1791, 1640-1660, 1555-1598, 1215-1225, or earlier, when monumentally important human rights documents were debated and created. Every serious new historian of human rights over the past century has tended to describe his or her own favorite period to be the real source of human rights, rendering the rest mere prelude or postlude. 
  • Leo Strauss picked Hobbes and Locke as the founders of modern rights talk, 
  • Perry Miller the New England Puritans, 
  • Lord Acton the English revolutionaries. 
  • Otto von Gierke picked Johannes Althusius as the rights founder, 
  • Josef Bohatec John Calvin, 
  • R.R. Palmer the Calvinist monarchomarchs in France, Scotland, and the Netherlands. 
  • Michel Villey saw the font of human rights in late medieval nominalism, 
  • Brian Tierney in high medieval canon law, 
  • F.W. Maitland in the Magna Carta, 
  • Harold Berman in the Papal Revolution. 
  • Max Kaser and Tony Honoré saw a veritable rights revolution in classical and Christianized Roman law, while 
  • Nicholas Wolterstorff and Benedict XVI pointed to key biblical and patristic texts as foundational. 
All of these are, in Moyn’s words, “crucial periods” featuring “a strong ideological link of Christianity and human rights.” And all of these periods, including the mid-twentieth century, gave the West, and eventually the world, new norms and theories of rights. But many of the “universal” and “human” rights of today are the “natural” and “constitutional” rights of the past now writ larger. There is no doubt that mid-twentieth century writers introduced new forms and norms of human rights and that modern talk of “human dignity” provides a more generic platform for the universality of human rights than the Golden Rule or the biblical love commands. But every serious community today still roots their rights ideas in far more specific and elaborate ontologies than mere dignity. 

There is also no doubt that the heady “personalist” philosophies of Pius XII and Maritain can still be inspiring for a human rights advocate or claimant in 2015. But, half a century out, is this material any more relevant, cogent, or inspiring than the stirring declarations of the French, American, English, Scottish, or Dutch revolutionaries, or the powerful rights advocacy of a Marsilius of Padua, Francisco Vitoria, Martin Luther, or Theodore Parker? [...]

In this brilliant study, Thomas Pfau argues that the loss of foundational concepts in classical and medieval Aristotelian philosophy caused a fateful separation ...

American Philosophy Before Pragmatism (The Oxford History of Philosophy)
by Russell B. Goodman.

The Common Cause: Postcolonial Ethics and the Practice of ...

Leela Gandhi - 2014 - ‎Preview - ‎More editions

Postcolonial Ethics and the Practice of Democracy, 1900-1955 Leela Gandhi. Sri Aurobindo, also from Bengal like his precursor Sri Ramakrishna, founded his own ashram in former French India while on the run from imperial police for  ... a cinematic dissolving of the frame of scepticism into another fleeting but epiphanic shot of pure relationality, unadulterated by the violence of history. ... Sri Aurobindo consistently urged even the most serious of his disciples to try their hands  ... The Complete Works of Sri Aurobindo (Pondicherry: Sri Aurobindo Ashram Trust, 1998), 98. Ibid., 441. Ibid., 98.

trilogy review By Prem Sobel on February 7, 2009

This book, actually a trilogy of books in one volume, is a historically-validated intuitive understanding of global process: ethnic, religious, tribal, national, and of humanity as a whole. It is an insightful look into the next decades and beyond of humanities collective evolution
If you’ve explored spiral dynamics and are looking for something deeper, read this trilogy (as the other reviewer, Prem Sobel noted, this is actually a collection of 3 books that were written in a serialized format between 1914 and 1921 – still highly relevant today). If you’ve looked at the theories of Haidt, Sowell, Mooney and others, and still feel there’s something missing in your understanding of why people end up at different ends of the political spectrum, read this trilogy.

Not just in understanding politics and government, but in the nature of human consciousness, Sri Aurobindo is, in my opinion, without peer. Just last month, the extraordinary book, “Beyond Physicalism” was published. Aurobindo’s vision is implicit in much of that book. But for his work to reach a wider audience, I think it will be helpful for more people to study this trilogy and make an effort to apply his insights to the issues of today.

The entire book is available for free in PDF format at the Sri Aurobindo Ashram website, but it is much better to read it in book form – ebook or physical book. If you want to sample it before buying, look at the PDF version of the last chapter in “The Ideal of Human Unity”, “The Religion of Man”, particularly the end of that chapter. Look also at “The Coming of the Subjective Age” for some truly inspired writing. If you are familiar with spiral dynamics (or Ken Wilber’s writings, for that matter), you’ll be amazed to see how much light Aurobindo’s writing sheds on the understanding of psychological development. 8 Comments 

Friday, June 26, 2015

V.P. Singh, JP, Vinoba Bhave, and Gandhi

Tweets: Partially agree with this article, V.P. Singh mandal decision was historic, it was part of Janata dal manifesto
India was all of 10 years old when Acharya Vinoba Bhave introduced the nation to a “modern day Siddharth” at Allahabad. The Acharya’s Siddharth— Vishwanath Pratap Singh, the last Raja of Manda — was 26 years old then, and would go on to become prime minister.

"The Story of Emergency" Superb narration. An absolutely 'must read'.

"Dynasty is the continuing disease, Emergency was its symptom" My piece in @DailyO_ #Emergency #IndiraGandhi

Emergency Supporters: A List That Will Surprise You
Janata Couldn’t Have Won Without RSS
lol, nice story, Emergency excesses main reason for Janata victory, not any single org
Those who try to belittle the RSS calling it pacifist must note here the advantage of staying low profile: No swayamsevak had a public record of being an activist, thereby making their identification a near-impossible task for the police, the men in uniform explained to the government when a frustrated Indira Gandhi sought an explanation. Please read this article by Subramanian Swamy himself. It gives a different version of facts. However, Surajit, I am unhappy that facts are spun in such a blatant manner for a political objective of opinion shaping. You sound almost an RSS spokesperson. A very poor outcome of India's fascination with personality cult was emergency - read

Never Forget the Darkness: Emergency @ 40 via @IndiaFactsOrg

The Three Republics - How The Liberal Constitution Was Scuttled by Vikramjit Banerjee #replug

The Nehruvian Emergency Gnaws at the Hindus' Right to Speak-Out
By Mayank Jain

Confession of British MP and Cabinet Minister: "Gandhi was the Best Policeman the British had in India"
@DivyaSoti please read Ajit vadakayil's blog to know more abt the mahatma (duratma)

Gandhi's hypocricies & idiocyncracies are well known by now. I would like Ms Saswati Sarkar to now turn her gaze here
@sarkar_swati, @maidros & I examine claimed Gandhian non-violence and its opportunistic/selective application by MKG
Gandhi preached "selective" Ahmisa targeted exclusively at Hindus @sarkar_swati debunks another #SecularMyth
More I read Gandhi more I feel disappointed with the man and more with the public Intellectuals who joined his bhakti cult.

From by @maidros78 @sarkar_swati @dikgaj
The best condemnation, ridicule of Gandhi was done by Sarat Chandra in late 1920s. What a great speech fm such lit giant  @sarkar_swati
Article by Saswati Sarkar Fundamental conflicts in Indian nationhood: Gandhi vs revolutionaries...

All The World's A Half-Built Dam: a response to Rajmohan Gandhi on my essay on Ambedkar, by Arundhati Roy

GENESIS OF TERRORISM IN INDIA - Hindu Defence League (#HDL) › Blog › Featured
Feb 25, 2014 - ... Harsh Mander, Amulya Ganguly, Prafull Bidwai and their likes are running ...Yet, nowhere but in India, they have had so much freedom to practice their faith. 

Attaining the Joy That Surpasses All Understanding

A critique of "The Lives of Sri Aurobindo" by Peter Heehs and its ... In Hindu traditions, the state of consciousness of Jesus is achievable by each one of us and is not dependent on belief in a specific deity or historical event or ...

Savitri - 125: The sympathy of British is no longer our guiding star ...  - Sri Aurobindo takes comfort in the development that "The mind of our people has at last attained a certain amount of freedom. Faith in unrealities no longer clogs  ...

Savitri - 39: 24 April 1952 | Savitri Cultural Sri Aurobindo's Savitri 39: 24 April 1952 | Savitri Cultural. ... Messages given by the Mother and Sri Aurobindo · 39: 24 April 1952. #411 narendra on Thu, Jun 25  ...

Thursday, June 18, 2015

Sri Aurobindo is deeply convinced of the logic of inevitability
dedicated to the writings and teachings of Sri Aurobindo and the. Mother since the .... it seems, his inevitable and ultimate preoccupation, – for it survives the.
    Debi Prasad Chattopadhyaya - 1988 - ‎Ghosh, Aurobindo, Sri, 1872-1950
    Sri Aurobindo attaches profound importance to this view of an ideal society. ... Deeply convinced of the logic of inevitability he believes 188 / Sri Aurobindo and  ...
    V. P. Varma - 1990
    Political wisdom lies in recognizing the "inevitable will in nature"1 and following ...constitutional Prussian monarchy had been governed by the inevitable logic of  ...
    Rāmacandra Miśra - 1998 - ‎Advaita
    Sri Aurobindo regards the spiritual and the supramental evolution as a kind of ...Supramental," remarks Sri Aurobindo, "is an inevitable necessity in the logic of  ...

    by A Wendt - ‎2003 - ‎Cited by 581 - ‎Related articles
    on the legitimate use of organized violence – a world state – is inevitable. ... In this article I propose a teleological theory of the “logic of anarchy” which suggests  ...
    Terrence C. Mason, ‎Robert J. Helfenbein - 2012 - ‎Preview - ‎More editions
    sequent bailouts followed a logic of inevitability: This had to be done. But, interestingly, it had to be done because of the interconnected nature of global markets. This dynamic results in what Massey rightly calls a “sleight of hand” functioning to  ...
    Sasha Torres - 2003 - ‎Preview - ‎More editions
    By presenting the result before the cause a certain logic of inevitability is implied; certain types of events are shown to have certain types of results without ever allowing for other outcomes other than the one given in advance." This "logic of  ...
    Nicola R. Hothi - 2005 - ‎Preview
    The association of the first wave literature with a logic of inevitability is crucial to the line of analysis here - for two main reasons. First, if we are to challenge the first wave literature, then we are also likely to challenge the inevitability thesis.
    And the environmental logic behind this process is not the rational logic of inevitability but the ecological nightmare of accelerating positive-feedback loops causing environmental problems to multiply and then suddenly accelerate into ...
    Colin Hay - 1999 - ‎Preview - ‎More editions
    Whether, and to what extent, such an account is seen to imply an economistic and deterministic logic of inevitability is a matter of some contention - and clearly of considerable significance. Much hinges on the degree of institutional latitude  ...
    the empirical order and according to empirical principles. But in itself it did not have to happen (sollen). In time as kairos, there is no logic of inevitability to what happens, but only an (inhuman) logic of the event, which kairos itself and not some  ...
    2008 - ‎Snippet view - ‎More editions
    In the post-World War II era, the expansion became more economic than territoriaL However, the same logic of inevitability was used to justify both the earlier territorial conquest and the more recent economic one. This logic of inevitability is,  ...
    Eldred D Jones - 2008 - ‎Snippet view - ‎More editions
    However, the same logic of inevitability was used to justify both the earlier territorial conquest and the more recent economic one. This logic of inevitabilityis , in Lazarus's reading, one of the most sinister aspects of globalization. From the late  ...
    An image of inexorable economic forces is often summoned in order to explain the emergence of globalisation's logic of inevitability. Once a more dialectical understanding of the relationship between the material and the ideational is  ...
    ... how fear mongers create a false logic of inevitability. Currently, Altheide extends this argument to show how such logic has become clothed in the regalia of patriotism, news void of context, and incessant anger. Altheide tells a complex story  ...
    Michael Gelven - 1990 - ‎Snippet view - ‎More editions
    Rather, as the story unfolds there is a curious logic of inevitability which seems to doom their love from the very opening lines. Watching the play we sense that their loving as well as their dying is inevitable. They are, we sense, fated to die.
    Stephen Spender - 1960 - ‎Snippet view - ‎More editions
    And M. Bourguiba himself likes to point out to African peoples under British rule how fortunate they are because the British themselves have accepted the logic of inevitability as the basis of their colonial policy; for at that point the speed of ...
    One factor could be the deteriorating situation in Nepal,4 Secondly, it was thelogic of inevitability. It was a matter of accepting a situation which India could not possibly change. And, it might be added, India had publicly disavowed any desire  ...
    Paul A. Kottman - 2008 - ‎Snippet view
    ... preserve one's own body comes to be opposed to the very state of nature for which it is "responsible." These bodies finally — according to a logic of inevitability that is as "true" as the law of gravity — come to regard this chaos as intolerable.
    Alice Ogden Bellis, ‎Joel S. Kaminsky - 2000 - ‎Snippet view
    The authority of interpreters depends on their power, but the vagaries of history, not the logic of inevitability, determine who will have such power over the text. The biblical text does not itself determine who will be the authorized leaders. In fact  ...
    1988 - ‎Snippet view - ‎More editions
    It gives his view an air of logic, of inevitability, without giving him airs of omniscience. When in the biography reviewed by Updike we are told that Kafka " must have been wildly resentful" at the birth of two younger brothers who died in infancy,  ...
    Linda McSpadden McNeil - 1977 - ‎Snippet view - ‎More editions
    Counter Models The close links between this school's reward systems, its mix of students, and the nature of the subject of history would seem to point to a logic of inevitability: The teaching of history by middle- class teachers to a mixture of  ...
    Colin Morris - 1973 - ‎Snippet view - ‎More editions
    That is an affirmation about the logic of inevitability, a drift of things as inexorable though apparently insignificant as a tiny seedling forcing its way up to the light through layers of concrete. The Biblical claim that the universe is friendly - biased ...
    Ruth Lilly Westphal, ‎Janet B. Dominik - 1986 - ‎Snippet view
    The choice of specializing in "The Art of California, from the Earliest Times to Present" — excluding Indian art, which was well handled by natural history museums — evolved with the logic of inevitability. I proposed our dedication  ...
    Süha Oğuzertem - 1994 - ‎Snippet view
    By a logic of inevitability these events find their predesignated places in the " mechanical abode," in relation to which Behcet Bey incessantly complains about his "unlived life" (8, 20), "unenjoyed, alien pleasures" (13, 21), and "untasted  ...
    Mahendra Barā - 1981 - ‎Snippet view - ‎More editions
    In fact, I found the whole thing a kind of passion for me, so much so that though he asked me to prepare just three lectures, it rolled off into four, all by its ownlogic of inevitability. I am infinitely grateful to Sri Saikia, for his making room for the  ...
    Kenya Institute of Administration - 1974 - ‎Snippet view - ‎More editions
    It was not until after the 2nd World War that the "coloured" peoples were able to achieve their independence; and the process of emancipation from colonialism ( like that of emancipation from slavery) moves on with the logic of inevitability.
    1963 - ‎Snippet view - ‎More editions
    And though the climax may very well be the orgy instigated by the zarzuela company it is not solidly related to the whole by the logic of inevitability. The episodic structure of the novel, then, is demanded and predetermined by the subject.
    1994 - ‎Snippet view - ‎More editions
    By gazing at, interacting with, and finally speaking for the Lakota, Dunbar fits the paradigm of the salvage ethnographer, striving to preserve the psychic and physical culture of the "vanishing" other at the very point when a logic of inevitability  ...
    1972 - ‎Snippet view - ‎More editions
    BOOK REVIEWS james Collins, Saint Louis University Wittgenstein's Doctrine of the Tyranny of Language. By S. Morris Engel. The Hague: Nijhoff, 1971. Pp xvii + 145. Gld. 23.50. This book illustrates the logic of inevitability of submitting a  ...
    Frederic Rzewski, ‎Gisela Gronemeyer, ‎Reinhard Oehlschlägel - 2007 - ‎Snippet view - ‎More editions
    A reversal of the historical cycle of vengeance is possible, if we can break through the terrible mythical logic of inevitability which holds both of the protagonists, as well as the spectators, in its grip. The "Misuk," which both accompanies the  ...
    Mary Clare Carruth - 2006 - ‎Snippet view - ‎More editions
    This "logic of inevitability," according to Michelle Burnham, is a basic feature of captivity narratives and frontier romances, which remove agency from the representation of history. She cites Abdul JanMohamed's reading of colonialist texts that,  ...
    John T. Callaghan, ‎Steven Fielding, ‎Steve Ludlam - 2003 - ‎Snippet view - ‎More editions
    ... markets, the liberalising of capital flows, and so forth (Helleiner 1995). Once this is acknowledged, the logic of inevitability, which patterns of economic interdependence are so frequently seen to imply, appear somewhat less imposing.
    Paul Mason Fotsch - 2007 - ‎Snippet view - ‎More editions
    A similar logic of inevitability is behind technical rationality: once the data are collected for a problem with a scientific solution, there is no room for hesitation or reflection. The automobile embodies the thrill and the danger of this inevitable drive  ...
    Masao Miyoshi, ‎Harry D. Harootunian - 1993 - ‎Snippet view - ‎More editions
    ... out on an irreversible course containing a totally new "logic of inevitability" — a national future that would be drastically different from previous history.10 The term restoration carries none of the sense of radical potential that Metnikov saw.
    University of Portland - 1966 - ‎Snippet view - ‎More editions
    POST-WAR JAPAN: A Happy Grimace and the Logic of Inevitability Donald Richie's books and articles are many — so are his films. His novels are only two in number. The first — too long out of print and issued by Tuttle in 1956 — has again ...