People operate with diverse systems of belief and we can live with this incoherence - Political Theology: Four New Chapters on the Concept of Sovereignty - Page 118 - Paul W. Kahn - 2011 - Preview - More editions In the postmodern world, the...1 month ago
Friday, June 30, 2006
- The living essence of Marxism is the concrete analysis of concrete conditions.
- The coexistence of precapitalist forms of production with growing capitalist relations in India means that the process of development of our society, divided into modern capitalist classes, is taking place constantly within the caste stratification that has come down to us over centuries.
- Despite all the refinements and changes within castes and between castes that have taken place over the years, the basic structure, in so far as the oppression of the Dalits or the backward castes is concerned, remains.
- Since the process of class division is taking place within the existing class stratification, the issue is not one of class vs caste.
- To a large extent, the most exploited classes in our society constitute the most socially oppressed castes.
- There is a casteclass overlap. And, to that extent, the struggle against class exploitation and the struggle against social oppression complement each other.
- It is this complementarity that needs to be recognised, and on the basis of such recognition follows the important task of the communists to seek the integration of the struggles against class exploitation with the struggles against social oppression.
- Both these constitute the two mutually inclusive aspects of the current class struggle in the country.
Mahatma Gandhi had coined the term Harijan and appealed for a change of heart in our attitude towards Dalits and lower castes. Among other giants who stand out in the powerful anti-caste movements in the country was Jyotiba Phule. He was a great secular democrat who wielded a significant political influence in his time. The Satyashodhak movement that he launched continues to hold influence today. Baba Sahib Ambedkar, one of the most outstanding and tireless fighters against caste exploitation, had to finally ask his followers to embrace Buddhism to escape the injustices of high caste Hindu socie ty. The powerful Dravidian movement led by Periyar E.V. Ramaswamy Naicker roused strong feelings against caste oppression and untouchability. His influence and that of the movement he launched continues to have its impact on presentday politics in Tamil Nadu.
- Yet, despite such tall leaders and the powerful movements that they launched, caste oppression and discrimination continues to plague us.
- Despite the glorious uncompromising role of such leaders, the objective of ending caste-based social oppression could not be achieved. Why?
- The answer lies in the communist analysis of how to eradicate this social curse.
- Mere appeals for a change of heart or behaviour cannot and will not eliminate this obnoxious system.
- In order to do so, we require to bring about a radical realignment in the economic empowerment of these sections.
- This means the implementation of sweeping land reforms that will empower the vast majority of the socially-oppressed sections.
- With economic assets as the basis, the struggle against social manifestations of caste oppression can be conducted.
- Mere moral outrage or even a correct understanding of the social roots of the problem cannot lead to its elimination unless sweeping agrarian reforms are implemented.
- It is precisely this that the dominant political leadership of Independent India did not do.
- It is precisely this that communists seek to achieve.
- The implementation of land reforms in West Bengal and Kerala may not have eliminated caste identity but have surely led to a quantum decline in caste-based social oppression.
- Since we continue to work for such changes elsewhere in the country, our support for reservations, therefore, cannot be seen as the final solution for ending caste oppression.
- Reservations in the present conditions are a necessity that offer some relief to some individuals in these communities, enhance their confidence in their advance and seek to make them more equal in the vastly growing unequal society in India.
- However, by themselves, reservations cannot be the final solution to the problem. The final solution can come only with a sweeping agrarian revolution that economically empowers these sections.
- This is attested by the fact that even after five decades of reservations for the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in our country, the overall status of these communities has not radically changed.
- Clearly, while reservations are not the final solution, the benefits of this should naturally reach the most needy sections within the OBCs.
- Introduction of an economic criteria, which the CPI(M) alone had suggested in the Nineties, was mercifully upheld by the Supreme Court in its definition of the ‘creamy layer’.
- This will have to be integrated with the OBC reservations in higher education.
- The CPI(M), while supporting reservations, is engaged in strengthening the struggles on the larger agenda of the economic empowerment of these sections.
- This alone can render the caste system and the associated caste oppression as an ‘anachronism’ in modern India.
"I was the knight in shining armour [when he went full throttle against corruption in public life] ... But after Mandal, all my previous resignations, which they once praised, became `gimmicks.' Like B.C. and A.D., there is A.M. and P.M. — Ante-Mandal and Post-Mandal."Subsequent events showed how wrongly he had been judged. Mandal unleashed an OBC revolution that changed the face of Indian politics. In State Assemblies and in Parliament, previously outnumbered backward caste legislators gained dominance. Mulayam Singh Yadav and Mayawati ruled over U.P. The changes brought a new respect for `VP', by now fighting acute health problems. In 1990, his political friends abandoned him, accusing him of power-mongering; the media cast him as a villain. Six years later, they were to witness the incredible phenomenon of `VP', the obvious choice to head the United Front Government, going into hiding to avoid the honour. Mr. Singh has since fought several battles — away from the public glare and always on the side of the disadvantaged. As always, politics for him is less about office than about public issues and concerns. Is it surprising then that there should be so much buzz around his next move in U.P.?
Thursday, June 29, 2006
Wednesday, June 28, 2006
'The State shall promote welfare of people by securing a social order permeated by social, economic and political justice, minimise inequalities instatus, incomes and opportunities among individuals and groups."
Friday, May 05, 2006 venezuelanalysis.com
Tuesday, June 27, 2006
India is a vast country with more than a billion people with 29 states and 6 union territories. Originally many of the states were created on a linguisitic basis. India has 18 scheduled languages, most of which even differ in their scripts. The states of India are uneven in size, the smallest being Sikkim with a population of .0571 crores (571,000) and the largest being Uttar Pradesh with a population of 17.1829 crores (171,829,000). There is vast inequity across India.
- The goal of this Center for Promoting an Equitable India is to point out these inequity, analyze some causes behind it, and try to contact people who may be able to change this for the better.
“The first thing needed is the inner discovery, to find out what one truly is behind social, moral, cultural, racial and hereditary appearances. At the centre there is a being, free and vast and knowing, who awaits our discovery and who should become the active centre of our being and our life in Auroville.” (The Mother)The problem, I suspect, is that while every Aurovilian sees other Aurovilians staggering under the weight of hang-ups and cultural conditionings, poor things, none of us seem to believe we're carrying any baggage ourselves. I used to believe this, until... I'll tell you a story. I was educated at a school whose purpose, back in the 1850s when it was founded, was to train its pupils to rule and administer the British Empire. By the time I reached its ivied walls that Empire had vanished. However while we boys were no longer exhorted by winey-faced Colonels at the annual Speech Day to take up the ‘white man's burden', in other, infinitely subtle, ways my school inculcated me with an image of the world and my place in it which reached back to that previous age. There was still the unquestionable assumption, for example, that Britain (well England, actually) was best, and that Queen's English was the only language one needed to master (apart, that is, from Latin and classical Greek) in order to master the world. Now, fast forward to around 1980. I'm riding my cycle along a path near Utility canyon. A villager on a cycle approaches from the other direction. We meet. We stop. I ask him to move out of the way as the only navigable part of the sand at that point is on the left side of the path: I know my Highway Code. He refuses. I ask him, rather more strongly, to move out of the way. He refuses. We start pushing each other. Finally we have to be separated by a passing Aurovilian.... O.K. there were plenty of mitigating circumstances, there always are. But I ask myself – if the man I had met on that narrow path had been an Englishman who addressed me in Queen's English, would I have reacted in the same way, however unreasonable his behaviour? I think not. At some level, my public school conditioning had clicked in. This sounds like something horribly akin to racism and I hope, I really hope, that I wouldn't behave in the same way today. In fact, I think there is very little conscious racism in today's Auroville. On the other hand, I think there's quite a lot of what I would term ‘unconscious culturalism' – thought patterns and behaviour influenced by unconscious attitudes and assumptions inherited from our cultural upbringing. These assumptions may differ dramatically from culture to culture. So when a group of Aurovilians of different nationalities meet together, they may think they are speaking the same language, but the meaning they give to certain terms and the behaviour they find appropriate may be quite different. This, needless to say, can cause problems....
Monday, June 26, 2006
To: Sachi Satapathy <email@example.com> Cc: firstname.lastname@example.org
Today when the newspapers have splashed Mittal's victory over Arcelor,
it is simply criminal to oppose NALCO Disinvestment. To see it as an
injustice against Orissa is absolutely myopic and ill-informed. No one
should pretend that he knows more economics than the Prime Minister.
Let not 20th century rhetorics stop the juggernaut of 21st century's
possibilities. Let's be led by reason and not by fanatics.
Tusar N. Mohapatra
Winner Infosys Young Achiever's Finalist Award-2005 (Social Work) Mobile-09945410345
From: lalit pattnaik <email@example.com>
Date: Tue, 27 Jun 2006 00:56:09 -0700 (PDT)
Subject: Re: Tusar N. Mohapatra :It is simply criminal to oppose NALCO
To: Sachi Satapathy <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Dear friend Tushar,
I hope you own the statement which you have given. And afterwards, don't refer that so and so has told.
First fanatics are those who blindly believe in two to three line sermons and act accordingly without any logic or rationalities. Mittal's victory over Arcelor in Europe, which has been highlighted by National media is in which way comparable to opposition to Nalco disinvestment in Orissa.
Mittal is an Indian and has made a name and is going to rule in Europe economically is a pride for India, hence high lighted. In fact Europe has ruled us economically and politically and as of now it is difficult to rule any country politically, rulling economically is a matter of pride. Therefore we are all proud of him.
Dr Manmohan singh is a economist of great stature, no body denies that but the problem is he is not a great politician, who actually should be the Priminister. The pathetic thing is he is a salaried officer and not the Leader of India. Had he been a real Leader than he should have given more to the deprived state than the privilaged
states.Forget about withdrawing sharemoney from a deprived state's only able and prominent PSU.
Like last time, in this Ratha Yatra which is happening to-day in Puri, Orissa, the juggernut of Arun shouri's philosophy, which you have indoctrined, will be again crushed by the wheels of Lord Jagannath's Rath.
I think this much will be sufficient as an answer, as i believe you are not in a position to understand the realities of your home state Orissa, if you are a mohapatra of Orissa.
Lalit Mohan Pattnaik
From: arun patnaik <email@example.com>
Date: Tue, 27 Jun 2006 22:54:14 +0530
Subject: RE: NALCO's Senior Executive Lalit Pattnaik :Manmohan Singh
is a salaried officer and not the Leader of India.
To: firstname.lastname@example.org Cc: email@example.com
I agree to Mr Lalit's statement that Dr Man Mohan Singh is a salaried officer and not the true leader of the country in any sense. He might have studied in the best business school but he lacks the vision and leadership qualities. Moreover he got the job by default not for his economics degree or because of his past contributions as a governor to RBI. He clearly lacks the enigma and courage and compromise with all neagtive elements to satisfy
his Madam and the Party. To summarize, a great doctorate can not make a great leader and visionary, we must not be carried away by this illusion.
Our people have come of ages, they can clearly see through everything. I still believe in Democracy and we must respect the people's voice and demands and decide everything on a case by case basis. And this is a hollow
statement from Tushar " Let not 20th century rhetorics stop the juggernaut of 21st century's possibilities. Let's be led by reason and not by fanatics". There is no fanatics here, there is full of reason, we have to understand that. We cant call the people fanatics just because they oppose your ideas. In a democracy this is the beauty-the people's support an oppositon ! Best regds